• Speech and Language Pathology: involves the assessment, intervention, and progress monitoring carried out by a speech language pathologists (i.e. SLP, speech-language therapist) who treats individuals who are diagnosed with communication disorders including articulation, language, voice, stuttering, and cognitive communication disorders. 


    Language Disorders can be classified as expressive or receptive language disorders. Expressive language reflects one's ability to put thoughts and ideas into words and sentences (verbally or nonverbally). Receptive language refers to one's ability to understand the words and sentences that others say. Language focuses on grammatical aspects, the meaning of the linguistic message, and the social use of the language in order to appropriately communicate with others.  
    Articulation Disorders refers to any combination of difficulties with perception, motor production, and/or the phonological representation of speech sounds and segments that impacts speech intelligibility (e.g. how well a person can be understood by another). (ASHA, 2016)
    Stuttering is characterized by disruptions in the production of speech sounds, also called "disfluencies". It is typical for a person to produce occasional disfluencies in everyday speech --however, once the disfluencies impede one's ability to effectively communicate with others, due to the severity or frequency, the disfluency is then classified as atypical and treated by a speech language pathologist. (ASHA, 2016)
    Voice Disorders occur when the voice quality, pitch, and loudness differ, or are inappropriate, for a person's specific age, gender, cultural background or geographic location. A voice disorder is present when the individual and/or caregivers expresses concern about having an abnormal voice. (ASHA, 2016)
    Cognitive Communication Disorders refers to the difficulty with any aspect of communication that is affected by disruption of cognitive including listening, speaking , gesturing, reading and writing in all domains of language. (ASHA, 2016)